Viola tricolor is a very old garden species-known to most north American gardeners as Johnny Jump Ups. This weedy and equally cheery viola will seed with abandon, once you have it, and have it happy. It has many common names in England; “Pink of My John” is my favorite of those names. Many of the common names for violas have to do with the part of love that is pure folly-any gardener understands all about love and folly. Pink of My John may perfectly describe my relationship with my garden. I had a wild garden of considerable size many years ago-the grass in that area was overrun with every color of violet imaginable-how I loved this. Viola, violet, pansy-I am a fan of the entire range. In the early 19th century, Viola tricolor was crossed with a variety of other viola species, resulting in the hybrids viola x wittrockiana. Simply stated, the pansy.
The word pansy derives in part from the French word “pensee”-which literally translates as “thought”. Pansies frequently have dark faces-thus the human reference. I myself am much more fond of pansies without faces-I like my spring color clear and strong. The ”Clear Sky” series of pansies are remarkably floriferous, and come back reliably from a fall planting in my zone. This Clear Sky light blue, with its darker blue blush is so distinctively a sign of spring. I know of no other flower, in any other season, that has this color. Several years ago it was the thrill of a lifetime to be in Texas to see the blubonnets blooming everywhere in late March. For one wild moment I thought I would have to move to Texas, just to have that blue in my life.
White flowers-I could write at least a dozen essays about their appeal. The white pansies are a little shy in their blooming until it warms up-but when they do bloom, you notice. A pansy flower does have the most beautiful form-does it not?
Clear Sky blue is just that-saturated sky blue. Pansy flowers have little substance; they are thin petalled. In the right situation, the sunlight coming through this pansy is an experience of color that no paint could ever deliver. Living blue. All of us who have endured a very long winter-the signs of life are more than welcome.
This viola is from the Sorbet series-Lemon Chiffon is an appropriate name. Plant hybridizers are those scientists behind the scenes that breed plants for great color, heavy flowering, disease resistance-and in the case of pansies, heat tolerance. The new hybrids of pansies can perform non-stop through the end of June in my zone. As I do not plant my summer pots until all of my clients pots are done, a spring planting tides me over.
I like seeing hybridizers introducing color mixes. This mix called Ocean Breeze- has four related color groups-and everything in between. Masses of an identical color are dramatic. Masses of varying and related colors are charming and friendly. These violas are notable for their dark lines-known as whiskers. The whiskers-are they not beautiful?
These violas represent another mix; the citrus mix comes on fast and blooms like crazy. Planted up, there is a rhythm and beat that is really tough to ignore. Such small flowers, organizing a following-I am impressed.